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Ancaman Zoonosis Akibat Pembukaan Hutan Menjadi Wilayah

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Ancaman Zoonosis Akibat Pembukaan Hutan Menjadi Wilayah
ANCAMAN ZOONOSIS
AKIBAT PEMBUKAAN HUTAN
MENJADI WILAYAH PERTANIAN DAN PERMUKIMAN
Ani Mardiastuti
aniipb@indo.net.id
Fakultas Kehutanan IPB
Facts…
• Deforestation, development of human habitat,
and mining activities have been suggested as risk
factors associated with the reemergence of
vampire bat rabies in humans in the Amazon
Basin.
• In 2004, 46 persons died of rabies transmitted by
vampire bats, mainly in Brazil (22 cases) and
Colombia (14 cases); only 20 human cases of
rabies were transmitted by dogs in all Latin
America
Leading Factors
for Emergence of Zoonoses
1. Unbalanced and selective forest
exploitation
2. Aggressive agricultural development
3. Increase in the bushmeat trade
The Major Factor …
increased contact
between humans and wildlife
INVASION
INVITATION
Encroachment of human
activity into wilderness
areas
Movement of wildlife into areas of
human activity due to
anthropological or environmental
disturbances
Orang Utan
• potentially transmit
tuberculosis, hepatitis
(A, B and C), HIV/AIDS,
Ebola (?) to human
• the infected Orang Utan
may not show a clinical
signs.
• January 2000
• West Java
(Purwakarta,
Citeuruep) and Nusa
Tenggara (Bima)
• 3,000 birds were
infected by Anthrax
(in Purwakarta only)
• All Ostriches were
eradicated
Bushmeat
Modes of Zoonoses
• Medical
– xenotransplantation, vaccines and biological products
• Occupational
– working with animal zoos, research facilities
• Recreational
– keeping pets, ecotourism
• Ecological
– sharing the same ecosystem
World zoonoses day – 6 July
Fly UP