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Pertanyaan Seputar Shalat Jum`at

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Pertanyaan Seputar Shalat Jum`at
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JAWABAN PENTING PERTANYAAN
SEPUTAR SHAI.ATJUMAT
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Hadits-hadits tentang Pclaksanaan
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A t s a r - a t s a r B e r k a i t a nd e n g a nJ u m a t
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Shalat
Sunah
Qablir,ah J umat
TidakTidak Shahih Riu,'ar.atnya
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T a k S e o r a n gI m a m p u n B e r p e n d a p a t
Adanl.a Sunah SebelumJumat (r3
D i b o l e h k a n S h a l a tS c b c l u m N { a t a h a r i
Oondong di Hari Jumat
Kesimpulan Pembahasan
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k e s i m p u l a n k e b e n a r a n d a n m e n g e t a h u rd a l i l - d a l i l
fang otomatis akan dilampirkan oleh para ulama
dalam jau,aban-jawabanmereka terhadap pcrtenyaan
tcrsebut. Para anggota panitia itu kelak akan
m c m p er b a n d i n g k a nj a u ' a b a nj-a u . a b a nt e r s c b u t ,l a l u
m c n c d r r m a n a \ a n F p . r l i n u k L r a td a l i l n r " . u n r u k
k e n u c l i a n d i l a k s a n a k a nk o n s c k u c n s t n l a d i m a s j i d
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pertanlaan tersebut kcpada para ulama l a n g muha.
Ketika saya teliti pcrtanyaan-pertanyaan itu, saya
terdorong untuk memberikan jawabannva, sehagai
upaya dari saya untuk turur andil dalam rncniadikan
masjid lcbih dckat kepada As-Sunah dan lebih jauh
dari hid'ah. Schingga d i h a r a p k a n akan hilang
kesimpangsiuran t e r s e b u t , setelah jawaban itu
diserahkan kepada panitia, dipelajari d a n diamhil
k e s i m p u l a n , m a n a yang l r b i h d e k a t k e p a d a
kcbcnaran, tanpa bcrpihak kepada satu golongan
atau mengikuti kebiasaan.
Usai m c n u l i s jawaban t e r s e b u t , saya
menyerahkannya kcpada panitia. S a p tidak t a h i ~ ,
apakah ulama lain r a n g d i s o d o r k a n kepadanya
pertanyaan scrupa juga sudah mcnycrahkan jawaban
mereka, dan bagaimana pula sikap panitia ilmiah itu
terhadap jawaban kami.
Itu terjadi s e p ~ l u htahun yang lalu. Sekarang, saya
berkeinginan u n t u k m e n e n g o k kembali jawaban
tcrscbut dan mcnambahkan bebcrapa catatan baru
rang tidak keluar dari tema pembahasan. Saya pun
melaksanakan rencana itu, schingga lahirlah risalah
ini yang kini ada di hadapan pembaca.
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ucapan dan rvaktu vang panlang.
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t e r h a d a p k c k e l i r u a n a t a u k c s a l a h p e h a r n a l r elna n g
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drsebarkan,para ulama akan berkcsenrpatan
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k c s a l a h p a h a m adna l a m r i s a l a h i n i , u n t u k k e m u d i a n
m c r e k aj e l a s k a ns e c a r at e r t u l i se t a u s e c a r al i s a n .l l i l a
a d a , s a v aa k a n b e r t c r i m a k a s i h k c p a d a m c r e k a d a n
m e m b er i b a l a s a n . y a n bg a i k k ep a d a m c r c k a .
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l m a m < l r r c l u kd i a t a s m i m b a r , l r l u l c l z a n i r u
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o l c h p a r a p c n d u c l u kk a r e n ej a u h n l a r u m a h - r u m a l r
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s c k a l i p u nd i j r l a n l a n t n t e l a L u pi c r k a n r p r r n g a nc l a r i
a r a h t i m u r d a n s e l a t t n . t r l c i a k u k a na d z e n U t s m a n ,
s a m a sc k a l i t i d a k c l a pa t m c n l a m p a i k an k c p a d e
m l k s u d l a n t c l i i n g r n k a nU t s r . n a ns e n d i r r .S e h i n g t a
nrcnjldr sepertibermain rnain dalam soel syerlxt!\'ang
h a l i t u h a r u s l a hd i h i n d a r io l c h s c o r a n gr l i u s l i m .
\iup kednr, orang orang r-angdat:rngke masjrd ini
s em a t a m e t a s c n g l j a m en c l a t 3 n g r n \ ' en. t c s k i p r , r r .
j a r a k n l a a m x t j a u h . S e a n c l a i n vm
a cr.eklr.nenclcngrr
adzan, itu hiikanlah scLab yang m c n j a d ~ k a nrncrcka
bisa mcndapatkan khuth:ill clan shalat. Karcna dengan
iauhnya jarak antnra kcdiaman niercka dcngati maslid,
rncrcka h a r i ~ skcluar rurnah s c b c l ~ i i nadzan dalam
n.aktu yang bcrbccla-bcda scsuai d c ~ l g a njaraknya,
dckar atau jauh scliingg:~m c r e k a d a p a t mengciar
\vaktu shalat. Y;lng mcrek:l lakukan sama dcngan !3ng
r n c r c k : ~1nkuk:in pacla \v:iktu shalat Idul Adlia clan
I d u l 1:1tr1 d i m u s I i ; ~ l : a~t a u n ~ : i s j ~ iyi a n g trd:ll<
~tt.;!.ariatLan untuk. cilail;.:~ni d a n d l ~ q a t n a h k a nuntuk
rncnunjukkan rn:ici~hny:i \rakru.
Mcmang, kira tidak n ~ c l a r a n gdilakukann!.a adzan
Ltsni:ln, l ~ i l adtlnkukan di pintu gcrbang ki)t:l, karcna
,,rang-orang Fang lc\vat aka11 m c n d c n p r n y a dcng;iti
h:~ik~1:111 mctilacil tabu bahwa dal:tni kota adz rnasjid
!-ang didirikan shalat dl d:~larnnya. Alcrck:~pun akan
rncnuju rnasjid i t ~ iurlt~ikshalat dl sana. Scbagaimana
adzan it11 juga akin didengar olch orang-orang yang
r u r n a h n ~ adckat'). N a m u n scyogianya antara adzan
itu d e n g a n adzan yang di rnasjid tidak dipisahkan
dcncan rvaktrr vane lln.rl. Karena sunlhnt'a riclalah
b e r s c g c r a m c n c l e n g a r k a nk h u t b a h s c m c n j a k p c r t a m l
kali matahart conclong setclah aclzan,scbagaimrna
dijsvaratkan clalam haclits tcrdahulLr: "...ba/Lttuadi,trr
poda an,a/r1,a dda/a/t kttikt
luuu
dat afabiltt akar dilirik-ar
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l L r p as r l r ! n r c r l r t a k a n : b l h r l a p c n d e p r L tl a n g
kami pilih ini aclalah aprbila ltlzan di pintu gcrbrnq
. . . p u n c ; r kp u n c r k L c l , u k i r , r n ,n r e l r r r r k r r rh ; r n rr d r N I i s j i ( h l I I r r : l n r s . t j i .
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pchksrurro slralrt. Itrr bcrl;rnesunr htngrr cletang nrsr.\mirul
I l u k n r r n i n I I r r u n . " S r r t i t L : ,. \ i x h l k h h i n \ l ; r l i k r t r u o r L n g l , r r ny e n g
s c d e r : r p t d c n g r n n i , r d . r r , r n qk e I I e k r h , t c t t i n g r r r l t 1 : r r ip c l : r k s : r r . r a n
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Bakar dar (lnar dildktkdn di pittfu nuyid, sen/erlanl
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lang
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merealisasikan tujuan darr adzan, yaitu
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hrciapan mirrbar, vrkni di dekatnla.
\ l -l ' , . ' . n r i r i n r L n . ' . r r . r k . , r r l r .
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m c n j a c l i k c b t a s a a n t u r L r n t c m L r r L r n ,l a l u d i r k u t i o l c h
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d a r i r i r v a v r t o f a n { o r x n g Y n n qn t c n u k i l d a r i b c l i a u :
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I b n u l F l r j j r i s r m c n e g a s k a nh a l i t L r d r l a m - , 1 /
fldkbal, r'lng ringkrsannll :
" S c s u n g t L r h n r sr u r r t h ( a c l z a nN a b i ) d a l a m a d z a n
J u n r l t a d r l a h i r i l a I r n a m s u d r h n a i k r n r m b a r ,d a n
h c n d a k n v em r - r l d z i nb c r r d r c l i m c n a r a .D c n r i k i a n l a h
v r n s d i l a k u k a nd i j a m a n \ e b i t 5 : , i \ b u l l a k a r d a n
Limar, dan juga di arvelkckhaliiahan Lltsmrn.
K c m L r c l i a nL l t s m a n m e n a r r b a h k a nr d z a n l a r n d i
Zaurl, ketika keum muslimin suclahbanr.ak.
Scr.nentam
i r r i z a nN a b i i t u t c t r p c l i l a l i u k a nd i m e n a r a ,
k c t i k a k h e r i b n a i k m i l n b a r k c r i k ar r u . " I i c m u d i a n
bcliaLm
r c n u k i l k i s a h H i s l a n r s c h u b u n g a nt l c r . r g a n
a c l z a nj t u s c p c r t i l a n g t e l a h c L c c r i r a k a no l e i r A s r Sv a t hi b i .
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I U r ll i i r p d r ' r - i r r u u r p u a l u u r l r u i J pu l x t u J L U J s , E J u u s r
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d i d a l a r nm a sj i d .
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bersana Rdnhrllalt $ ltila nataltarL stdah condo4q
Ktnudiart kaut ptrlang tnorgik i bayarydntttalabai..1'anq
srdul: mdon.4."
Dikeluarkanoleh Al-Bukhari, Nluslim dan )ain-lain,
dalamAl-XLrclwnf (l :20i
termasukIbnu Abi S1'aibah
: 1).
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1)
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- l v r l € q r u a r u n E I I e qn t r q t s q l n q l r u ? l E C r l E q l n q l
{ l r l ? r P u u l n l z l l t { l n f , r l a q' t u l u n f t u l € q s u E I n { E I a r u
r u n l r q . rs R q r l l n l n s z X u i u E Su , \ q Eq ' r u rn l l ? L Upr
q u p n s r r \ r l x q r u l ? r ' u E ) l s ? l a {r u r u l q e l a t S u r i
Bduurrllnlunulru srlal ]nqasrat slrpzq qnrnlrs
'uust tl
3ur.i pruts ut8uap (/tptav lf,. ru?lrp rurrq?qI
qrv rlalo ud-nl uEll?,itr,!\ur(l t)luapual uorl!)lpx./
t,11qlour[ /rlorls aprytaotryrlauprt4 (lrlllr/EtpHlt
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bir.rAn r:-ukmrrn bahl r ia berkrtr:
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nrcmpel:r1ari'2ql' u'ul arr'4til'\1a71l'
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R a s u l u l l a h l a n g m e m l r l c : r n t ' a p a c l a h a r i . J , - r n t actl t e r a s
kctike bclieir bctkhtrtbah kcprilr
minbar
orrinu
b,u.rllk."
Ada juge riri ut et shrhilr bahs a bclirLr mcmbrrcll
sLtttrt ,.1/ Fart'tlt
(.'\r 1'rLubeh), sebl.q:riueur
dirirvalatkan oleh lbnu Khuz:rinrrh
tm.\'l.t,lil., rttr
d
c l a n c l i s h e h i h k a n o l c h A l l l a k i l n , l t l u d i s c t u i r - r io l c h
,\clz l)zehabi clrrr vans lainnr':1.
llila kita inqrt brl itLr, kita tkrn
tlcnsctehui
b : r h l a a c l z e ni t L t p e s t i s e b c l u m c o n d o n q n t ' a n t a t a h a r i .
De mikian jugr hrlnt a clcngrn khutbeh, t.nanakala
s h x i a t n \ ' f td i i l k L r k l n k c t i k u m r t t : L h l r tc o n c l o n g . I l : r l i t L r
jeir.s, o/l.tandr lilltlt.
Yang Icbih jclas clari dalil clalil tcrscbut clalam
mcnunjukkan makna vang ciimaksucl adrlah haciits
Jabirberikut:
i:t\
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{et
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42
I.
di)in 1'rt!"!:
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r[3rq.req q]lo rH?l ux)jtunlrp srtr: rp uylndurrsrv
ull?n
( u r z P u u ? P q x q t nq I
r S E l ? d V f i u o p u o r r r x r l E t ? r ur u n l r q J s u v , l n l r l r p
ntr ]rlvLls f,,\qtq uxllnlunueLrI stlrL rur slrprlJ
, l : _ r r Z: 1 ., i r , , ' 1 t ' r 1 1 u r r , 1 t i. ,1 u , 1 r . itsL l \ n u q l
11'.
uEp (lf f : I) plLULtV'fuOt ' ttt) rbrqrzg yy '(9g7 :
D r , r s ? N - u v ' ( 6 - 8 , I I I ) u r r l s n l { L l t r l ou | ) r E n l r : l r [ I
, tlotuouo/uuhfuur 4a1aaw4uw|ry notq 7ur( tluu
pftt/ t/ttlpp, atrupusVcta'Tuttpuo.tqoprs Llztlplou./t77u)ii
'a,huayaqat4:ilin//,/ !ryary '/l//rV olan ryrr tiu11uptaru
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pernah ntutgikttl
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.rel.te/an ttn.qalL bari. Ktrtrdian akr .rba/a/ lryrsana
Llnar, dan ten4,ala p1,rr1,o1,dar thalattt1,a ltirylg tu4qab
ltai.
Ketnudiat akr.rLa/at
busana Utstttart, h:m),ala
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searafl.gP/ttt di antara rtereka yatg tttttt-1,a/;11rt4n
41o1,
/ en,quat Perh|alan lertebtl. "
D i r i r v a l ' a t k a no l e h l b n u A b i S v a i b a h ( l : 2 0 6
:2)
dan Acl-Daruquthni (169)
Sai'a katakar.t: Sanadnl:r adl kcrnrrntkir.ran aclalah
hasan. Ilahkan mcmeng hasan menurut nretodc
scbagian ulrnta scpctti IbnLr llajab clrn lrin-lain.
Karcne scluruh pcrrtinr,a dapat dipcrcllrr, kecuali
l,"mh.n l)oti'< l,o/,r4dr" .\+,tdt .\inht jnli:
ur.Plu.trkPur/n1y)fltrr/014\/1.'
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l .\E.\\ll
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,, 1?n-lqrqal 8ul,( trir,nu utfu:p ur8uviu:rurq uplrlrq
'(rr.raiu:d w,\v,'stt)
l q a l t r u r u H u q r su e l r p u { l p t r : d r p
y r p r r c . i u s r r p r l l : u r 1 d r 1 f u n F u ; r r ur r u q l n g - l \ - , , ,
: l n q r \ l r l t l i U r ' . t l . r t t t . i ur r u
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(9ot, I)
urqrH nuql qtyt 1nbr1,'-r1ytuf,ltp [n-nl tutuutlivq:rs
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r u v u r r r . 3 u q e'su r b : n g u r q . r r _ 1 , 'th1l-t y 1 - 1 1 'u r q l r q r s J
ru1r,1 riv:rrdrp lvdup i-ur-i r,trrrd;-ur.ro trdru;r
t l J l , ,u r l . 1 \ r \ \ l l l ) ' j n l l t r . r r 1 ' gr : u , : 1 r ' 1r r r ' i r q
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t i d a k s c n a c i aP
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ptrtu/rlt flunret scsuclahmatuhrri
mcnganralkan-]'11/t!
conclon.q)drn tcrkeclang.1,atr,4
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m a t a h a r ic o n c l o n q ) .
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mcnccflttktn:
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ku/ian ,*',arr lttrasa fnnt
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D i k e l u a r k a n o l c l . rl b n r r A i r i S i a i b r h .
Sala kltaklnr
Per:r pcrts-rnll
depat clipcrcala,
s e l a i n A t r d u l l a h b i n S a l r m a h . S c i r u l r u n s e nd c n s r n n l a ,
Al-l Iafizh lrcrkolncnter d
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r u n l J ( l . s u I l n r i u u ) r : 1 r 5 1: r, 1 rr r l r : r r u n r r l J t I l l I L l l t l l r l r r t l s l l t l l r - \ \ a - u t : t t . t . r rt ; i u l l l P
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b el l a u h c r . r t l a km c n u l s v r r e t k a n b a h s r r . b c l i a u
sebelum matahari conilonq."'
r.nclakukann-r'a
l.
cliriuat'atkanblhr,,'aie bcrkata:
Deri S,ridbin Sr-ru'eid
\'^
")lrutni1alt pertal.' sbalol .ltnal bersantukani podd
a a k t t D / t t l . t d . "D i r i u , a l a t k a n o l c h l b n u A b i
St ' a i ba h .
S a 1 , al i " 1 " p ^ t l N a m u n S a i t l t i d a k m e n v e b u t k a n
perarviselain Llnar. NIeskidcmikian, lbnu Iliban
mcnl elrutkannl':rjuga dalam Ati'lsi.lat (I :62)
,1. Dari Bilal Al-ALasi'
ort,
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du
dan oran.q-r,rangkala itu ttrlu.qi ruttidi
kr h : .;,t/ n kt br lt t tt)ur\rtkar ;' l l atul.tari .std dlt tot I r.,t.q,
'Ra/ttrt
.t(/ (lldru ktL,t -1ang laiurl,a ntLrldlakar;
c o n d a r 1 . " 'D i r i l ' a v a t k a n o i c h l b r . r u A b i S l a i b a h
d e n g a n s a n r c lt ' a n g s h a h j h .
1.,rt,,r,
l),rh"!:
l\,!,1tli,
rt .\tntn1,
\r,1iit
lr,.il
tc\yy rqr ytg
6b
t t , , 1 uu r l y
u':qrnq) uxp rrrzp,j q)iO mlnttfprt rtrlpns
rn(t)sr;r
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urt iriul,fuo:)
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lrtUnl rrr.t"s
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t,abiJJn r//..r u'ri ,i!rt, t':fi,:t!...ltjxur;.r!,1,, rtrr{f
r\ 1r(lrjrnun!jup\_.
(I
U . i u u u ) L l r l o q r pl u d r p u l d r r q
ai* prruqY rurrul Elrru
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JlrstuulrP s]lpuq strplrq
I r J U pU U ; u t c J
( r . 1 n q a s r r 1l r l p p I t l l l l L l ) l ( ) U l r l t r r u . i s r r p
f u r . i 1 r n 1 H r r r l r c l t u l u r u r u u u r r l r i l - r )J(sl , r . i u
qrpn s;r.s
u t p ; u o p u o : ) r . t l r L l u l r r ur u n l J ( l J s t u l u q s : t p B t
iurl Enp
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I.{lrlsnl\
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t.rrlr/pt1/ tytttl
trui,ttr:.ltt1tlt,dnpratu
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t\.r/q t/1/p\tt
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.c
s h a l a -t fu n . i a ts e b c l u n tm a t a h a r ic o n d o n qs e b a g a i m a n
d i j e l a s k a ns c b e l u m n l e ,t l e n i t u l a h p c n c l r L p al at n g
b c n a r s c b a g a r m a ncal i n r . a t a k ronl c h A s l S v l u k a n id a n
l a n g l a i n n y r . I l i n c i a n p e r s o r l : r nt c r s c b u tr i d r k t l a p a t
d i s c l e s l r k a nd e n t t n t e r g c s r , g c s ah, c n d a k n r . ad l t e l i r i
k e m l r a l cj l a l r n rb u k u - b r , r kbuc s r r , s ep c r t r X a r h r :/ T u t l t a r
clln lain larn.
Shalat Sunah Oabli!'ah Jumat Tidak Shahih
RiwayatnJra
D l r i p c n j e l r s a n s c b c l u m n l a c l a p a tc l i k e t a h u i
j a r v a b a nd a r i s o a l k e d u a l a n g t e r c a n t u mp a d a p o i n
kecmpat:
" L l i l a t e r b u k t i a d a , k a p r n k a n d i i a k u k a n n r . sal . r a l a
sunahqabliyah
?"
-lau'abannva,bahle ticlak ada dasar clari amalan
t c r s c l ) L rct l a r i a j a r a n s u n r l r y a n g s h a h t h , j u g a t r c l a k
m c n r i l i k i t c m p a t s e n l a s e k a i i . D l r i < l a l i ld a l i l
sebclumnvr telah diketahui bahtlr condongnr,l
m a t a h a r i ,a c l z a n k, h u t b a h d a n s h a l a t a c l a l a hn a t a
r a n t a i v a n g b c r s a m b u n gs r t l r ( l c n t a n v a n g l a i n n v a .
t r l a k a d i m l n a l a g i \ \ ' a k t L ru n r u k l n t a l a n s u n a h
t c r s e b r , r t ?D c r n i k i a n p u l e l l l r p c n t c r t i a n v a n s
Pthl,tn ldtir.< l)lndnl,tan .\q,t!/
\irh/
l,,rt
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I9
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'irrpL
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1 r I ; ) l J t u r , I N l u ) L U J S l r ) I J J L U q E L I r P t U r L U ! l U P. l I U J C I
i u r - i q u 1 n l r u . n 1 1 r c' lu u l r t r - i u J r l r u l r J J J { r l r q l u n l
ul11ui-i;-uulru uxp lrutnl- 1'l1lqs n lnu.tru rl.ri-lsr.rc1
lr.\uqrl?-\u
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u r i i 1 ) - - u U p u r t r l n l t p; - u u - i r r u r l r . d L l r z l ) l t l t i u t r l ) L l t r u
rrl r s I n (l J s rrt u r:1u, rsr r cl
tl clt p u r cll J cl x r--il-u
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n-urtrp nlxi 'trrlrnl trlurls nlnrirur qr:runr -Lrrr1:1
l u s l r r qn u t l f , ( l r u l . l u l ' t r u n f L u r l l J ( l J s l i i l r j L l s n r r r l J q
u.\\LiIq qx
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tli.ttur trtrtuk. ttttrrtaiktu
:Lola/ I'adrt luri
.lut o/, ut,*.a h r.ratra/aL kd tu kLlath //L .t'i .+ti,.1 l h l l
dun tin.qqt/k:rtrklt1ul bt/i." (,Al-.lL:i'uu'ahl62l : 9r
A f n t t e r s e b u t t r l r L l n l l c r k c n t x n c l er t g a n l r l z e n
kctika khatib naik nrintbar scbegairlanrdrjclasken
s e b c l u n r n v a .\ [ c r c k a j c l l s m c r r g c t l h u r h e ] i r L r k l r r n u
- . u c l a hc l c r r i k i m p o P u i er n l r d u l e m k r t a b - k i t , r b S r r n , r h .
\ e r . t . t u n c r c k e t i c l : r kn t c r e s l c u k L r pt l c n g l n i t u s l i r .
[]rhkun rncrcke nclcrnlhkrn
pcnillplt r\th-'l'hahau,i
j
u
u
a
tcrr.nlsuli ulanra ,\l I{anairluh lang
vang
be rpcncl.rpet scsr,r'r.i
clcnqan Sr,rneh.r'lkni buhu a lclzln
lang rrengherusken nrereka ncningualkan jurl bcii
m c r c k e r d a l a h r c i z a n k e t i l i r k h r L t i bb e r a c l r d i e t a s
mimbar. Ilcrcka mcmbrrrrrrhrrla: "K:rlau lclzln itu
lens clijrclikan betes rrjibnla
mungkin
leui
kita
bcrscgerl, trdak
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shalat
sunah
q a b l i v a h" r )
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s2\'a (untuk mctakini) bahse shal:rt sunrh <lablilah
venq rliakul olch mercka rru tidekleh dikcnel dr jamrn
1j
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"lnilal.t saat lin/t
lta,qlt dibrka. ,,1kr suka bi/d
anta/atku .1trrt.4.rlulllt mik lddd kutt itr."
Dcmikilnlah lans harus rlrcrcke lakukan, karena
m e r e k x p u l r n t e n g c t a h r r iu ' a k t u c o n r l o n g n l a n t a t a h a r i .
S a v l k a t a k l n : I i o n i e n t a r r a n t b a h a n i t r r t r c l a ka d a
gunanve dan tertoiak kercna bcbcrapr scbab:
Pcrlutta, ia mcnrlrsari ucapannla l>ahla sccara
pasti Rasulullah $
kcluar untuk shalat sctclah
'f
matahari conclong. iclakleh mLrtlrk clcrr.iiki..rn.
IJrhkrn
b e l i a u k r c i an g k a d a n r k e l u e r s c b c l u n
matrh ari
c o n d o n g , s c b a g r i r n a n ad i j c l a s k a n s c b c i u n t n r . a .
Ktdta,
t cltth clijclaskan bahu a Rlsulullah
p3:
bcrscgete naik kc atas ntimbrr serclah matahari
conclonq secarallngsung. NIana Ilgr tlaktu lang
t c r s i s a u n t L r k n i e l a k s a n a k a na m a l a n s u n a h t c r s c b u t ?
Krllqzr. scanclainla Nabi
{:! nrelaliukrn shalat
cmpzt rakaat sctclah mltahari conclong tlan scl>clun.r
adzan, tcntu itu akan dirisavatkan dlri
54
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lrpr:
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tcrjadidan tidak disyariatkan.'
Sar,akatakan: Adapun hldits \-anq dlnll.-e\,atka
o l c h r \ b u l H a s a n A b d u r a h r n a nb i n l l u h a n m . r d b i n
Y r s i r c l a l a m" H a c l i t s A b u l Q a s i m ' \ l i B i n \ h ' q u b "
( 1 0 8 )d r r i I s h a q b i n l d r i s : A b a n t c l a h m c n c e r i t a k a n
s c b u a h r i u ' a l a t k e p a d ak e m i , i a b e r k a t a :A s h i m A l .\lrrval ttlah menceritakansebuehhaciitskcpaclakamr,
clari N al'i', dari Aisvah sccaramarfur dengan laiazh:
...:y'-P:'-ro
"Iltlitr biu.rdsLa/aldru ntkdal sehthn Jtuat di runalt
beliar."
F l a d r t si n i b a t i l d a n p a l s L r .C a c a th a d i t si n i a d a l a h
s e o r a n gp c r a t i b c r n : r m aI s h a q , r ' a k n i A l A s t , a r i A l
B a s h r i .l b n u X I a i nb e r k e t a :" l e s c r . i r a npgc n ( l u s r ar a l t g
s u k a n r em a l s r . r k ahna d i t s".
S a v a k a t a k a n : P c n t l u s t ; ri n r s c c a r a s c n d i r i a n
m c r i \ \ ' a \ , a t k ahna d i t si n i . l t u m e n u n j u k k a ns c c a r aj c l a s
k c b c n a r a nu c l p x n - A b u S l a m a h : " K a l : r r , r r r v : r v aitt u
b c n : L r t, c n t u p : i r a i s t e r i N a b i a k a n n . r c r j $l r a t k a n n Y a
l).rn k.rlrrn
r \ \ . r \ ' . r| l| u h ( r , , i r .r ( n l u 1 . r r , p
r tr.,'rir.rrtl
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a k a n m c r i u a v e t k a n n r : r .l ' i d I k n r u n q k i n A l l e h
larthI
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t c r b u k a l c b a r . B i s a j a di s h a l a t s h a i a t i t u m et c k a
l a k u k a n ,a t a u c l i l a k L r k asnc b a g i a nb e s a r c l i a n t a r a n v a
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t ertama itu
m e m b c r r k a nk e s e m p a t a na n t a r a a d z a t . p
d e n g a n a d z a n k c d u a d a l a m m c l a k u k a ns h a l a t s u n a h
q a b l i y a h !P e n c l a p a dt c m t k r a n ,s e l a i n t i d a k m e m r l i k i
dalil samasekali, juga hant'a mcrupakan pcrsangkaan
scmata.Scmentarapersangkaanitu tidaklah memilikr
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riu''a1,a1
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m e m p e r j a u h k c m u n g k l n a n a d a n , v as u n a h t c r s c b u t .
D a l a n . rh a d i t s i t u d i s c b u t k a nb a i r w a a d z a n P e r t a m a
dilakukandi pasar.Semcntarasunah qablivahtidaklah
d i l a k u k a nd i p a s a r ,m e l a i n k a nb i a s a d i l a k u k a nd i
masjid- C)rangvang bcrada di masjid tidak akan
m c n d e n g a r n y a ,s c h i n g g a b i s a l a n g s u n u m e l a k u k a n
s h a l a t . K c m u d i a n l u g a t i d a k a d a r i u . ' a v a tb a h u ' a
k e t i k a a d z a n p c r t a m a t ' a n g s e v o g i a n v ad i Z a u r a i t u
d i p i n d a h k e p i n t u m a s j i d , s e m e n t a r aa d z a n n a b a s ' i
y a n g s c y o g i a n y a - dpi r n t u m a s j r di t u d i p i n d a h k a nk e
hadapanmimbat dr dalam masjid, bahrva Hisvam
tidak meriwayatkan bahu'a kaum musllmin biasa
mclakukan shalat antara tlua aclzantersebut.Padahal
k a l a u p u n m c r c k a m e l a k u k a n n l ' a ,l t u p u n t r d a k
m e n g a n d u n gh u j a h , k a r e n a i t u t e r j a d r s e t e l a hh a b i s
m a s a S r h a b : i t .\ ' a n g p r d a h a r i i r u t i d a k m c r u p a k a n
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tidak mcnccla orant leng hanla cluduk saja (sctclah
shalat tahiletii masjid), dcmrkran juga orang irng
cluduk tidak mcncela tcmenn\':i yang sh:rlrt. 1tu
bcrbctJadenqan apa \'ang dilakukan kauni muslrmrn
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dannla saja. ll'tll4hr .\'rhlt4na/''tHtua/ )ttn,7iq
Berikut ini adalah yang telah kami ianjikan
dalam Jumat.
sebelumn)'a, yakni bid'ah-bid'ah
Sava katakan:
Bcribaclahclcnuln cara tidak bcpel:ian pada hari
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b c n f u k n r . l k 5 l . r r..( P ( r t l n l ( m r ' t u n q i c n r ' t " t .
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, : 166)
b c r k h r r t l r r h .( . . . 1 / . \ l d l k l t t l X
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tl
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untuk bcrdoa.
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m)mbaL (A/ Bd'itt 64)
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khetib rraik mimbar, atau sebelum ttu. (,,1/-trlartr
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(pcdrrrrg)ni r kc lantri ntinb;u. (.tll-Ba'it.r,
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cctakan kami , <l'tt //-.\laur, X\rIll : 558)
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1l
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lcrreme
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i sL \ t 1 1 . l t t ' u r t t i . . 1 1t l t t n r , r t ,
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k h a t i b d i s e b a g i a nm a sj i d J a m i ' . S a l a hs e o r e n gd i
a n t a r a n t ' 2d i h a d a p a n m i m b a r , v a n g k c d u a c l i
bagian atas mimbar. \hr.tg pert?ne mcndiktekln
k c p a d al a n g k e d u . rl a f a z h a d z e n .\ ' a n g P e r t n m l
l n c n l e b u t k a nb a g i a nd a r i a c l z a nt t u s e c a r ap c l a n ,
k c m u di a n m u a c l z i n k c c l u a m e n t ' u a r a k a n n t ' a
'att/
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dengan ketes I:L/dLr/ )Iasajid
,.111'tlld
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muadzin kctika khatib hcndak ment'ampaikan
k h u t b e h n t ' ac l c n t e n u c e p a n :
a, tL
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116
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a sebai k bai k.tr1'at t apt n
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t)
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3 i . K c e n g g a n : r nk h : r t i b u n t u k n . i c n b c r i n a s c h e t
c l e n g a ns u r a t Q q f d a m k h u t b a h - k h u t b a h
l a b i s e t i n gm c l a k u k a n n t ' a( .; 1 r m c r e k a ,p a d a h a N
Sman, 572))
-l rJ. P a r a k h a t i b v a n g p a d a a k h i r k h u t b a h < l i h a r i
J u m a t , s c l a i um en g u c a P k a nh a d i t s :
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I1as1'4,ahr/Ihri Ahidir, I : i 59, I:blafu/ i\Iasa1id,
48d,n .,1/7Idnar,X\rlI : 558)
4 b . Naik sat$ tangga kctika mengucapkan shalawat
N a b i , k e m u d i a n t u r u n l a g i s c t c l a hs e l e s a i .( - , 1 / Bd'it,65)
41. l \ l c m a k s ad i t i u n t u k m e n g u c a p k a ng a v a b a h a s a
s a j a k ,t a t s l i t s ,t r r b i ' d a n t a k h m i s d a l a m b u k u
b u k u d e n k h u t b a h - k h u t b a hm e r c k a . P a d a h a l
s a j a k ( , i ' a n gd i p a k s a k a n ) t e l a h d i l a r a n g d a l a m
sebuahhadits shahih. (,-1r.\'rnar, 65)
48. Iicbirsaan banyak khatib
untuk
selalu
menlcbutkanhadits:
-{i ir;-r,r(b.),r:#",y C J-'t? ^.tt
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urlnq rp turunl' qrqrnql :lq1y rp rl-nl utrrjrLur6l
,, r,1i u t l : tl; s fi ru (' i;irt,.tt -f upt o rlryrtruh s
5 2 P e m a k s e a dn i r i K h a t i b d a l a m n . i c n t e n q k ast u a r a
untuk bctshrla\\'at kepade Nabi dl lulr
kcbrasaanprda stsa kl.rutbah.("1/ Ba'it:. 651
5 3 . t s c r l e b i h - l e b i h a nd a l a m m c n g c r a . k e l t s u a r a
kctika mcmbaca shalawatNabr ketrka khatib
mcmbaca:
Allab tlanfara nalaikal-N1'a neubaca
".\'evn,qqtbrya
slnldu'at kqada llabi.." ('1|-B,yiruui, ll : 359)
5 4 . T c r i a k a n y a n g d i l a k u k a n s e b a g i a nm e r c k a d i
tcngeh khutbah dcngan mcni'ebut nama Allnh
e t a u n a m a s e b a g i a no r e n g o r a n g s h a l i h . ( , ' 1 l '
,\Iarar, XVIII : 559)
) : ) . l { e n d a t a n g k a no r a n g k a f i r l a n g b a r u m a s u k l s lam di pertengahanminggu kepada khatrb lang
scdang bclada di atas mimbar, hingga ra
keislamannla di hadapan orang
nrclafazl.rkan
b a n v a k ,d c n g a n d c m t k i a n s i k h a t l b t c r p a k s a
m c m b er h c n t i k a n t c r l c b i h d a h u l u k h u t b a h n v a .
(,1/ Iladkltal, 11 : 171)
56.
'fcrus
m c n c r u sm e n tc b u t k a nn r m a P a r i lk h e l i f e h ,
(
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r . r l n r l l r f u r p r . t \ i ,n r r q r q ) l o u r : t ! . : . r , r r p u r r l r L u . ) ( l
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u r . r - - u ;r :Pn P a 1t 1 l c 1 t n qq1z ; u . - ! r p u r t l n s n r l t t [ r . r
60. Pare mulclzin lang turLrtmcngamini doa khrtib.
k c t i k a m c r e k l r r r c n d o a k a np a r a S a h a b t t : r t l r
nrcnclapatkan kcrdhaan r\llah clan parx pcnguasil
a g a r n i c n d a p a t k r t t k c m c n a n g a n . ( . . \ ; a m bA t h '
'
1 1ari t1dl t .1 /-.\ [ r l.tart rt aI i t al.t, III : 323)
6 1 . Xlenycnandnnskan kh,-rtbah.(:1/-Ibda',2 ,-)
6 2 . K l r a t i b m e n g r n s k a tt a n g a nk e t i k a b c r d o a . r )
6 3 I l e n g : r n g k a t t e n g e n \ ' x n g d i l a k u ke n o l c h
s c b a g i a nm c r c k a u n t u k n - i c n g a n i n i c l o a s a n g
kha b.z\ Q1/-Ba'its, 61, 65)
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em P a t p u l u h .
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)ldldjid, 59') )
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92 93)
shei (.Jsl.,/,tb,
11. \lcnciLrm tansan sctelah shl.lat.(IsLlah IIasalil,
e2)
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newintd ibadah kita bersana ."
1)
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S i \ ' 1 k i t x k r n : A l Q ; r s i m i. ; m e m i L k rp c r r b r h r s m I a n g p c n t i n g s c k ; r l .
I l l t : r n l p c m b r h x s , . r ,rrt u b e l i a u n r c n i c h s k r n " K e l u a r n r ' : rJ u m : r t d r i
t u l o a n s c b c n a t n r a k a r e n a s a k i n s b r n l r k i L r n n r h n , v a "h r l 5 1 , d r r t
c e r . r k a nk a m i . \ s S u b k i j u g : r m c m r | k i s : r t ut i s : r l a hd a l a m m ; L s : L h ht n i
r l e n g r n j u d L i l :" B e r p e g r n g k c p ; r d . rm r s i i d r a n g s a t u b r l a d i d i r i k r n d u a
J u n . r t d a l ; r m s a t u n e g e r i " D a l a m r r s ; r l e h n t ei t u b e l i r u m e n v r L t a k r n :
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p c r b u a r a nn u n g k a r I r n g j e l a s s c c ; r r ar k s i o m a t i k d a l a m a i a n n I s l a m
ini." (l : 190) dar frnva fatt:r beliau. Driam pembahasanrtu Altlasimi srmp:Lipada petnyataan: "llendaknya tidek dlaksenak:tn-lunrr
c l s e t r r p m a s j i d k c c r l ,b a i k r t u r a n g b c r a d ad i t e n g r h P e r o n l a h i n e t a L r
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ili masjid r:rng Ltbrh besat. tlendakn.va nctcke scmur
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i a n c n . q i k a ta n t a r a c l u r l b u j a n k a k l b a l i i t u
< l c r r g a nb c n a n g . K c m u c l t a ni a n e m i n t a k c p a d a
o r e n g l a n t p c r t a m ak a l i k c l u a rt l a r i m a s i r cul n t u k
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b a t ' i a k a n sc g e r a b i s a b e r j a l a n d u a m i n g u u
s c t e l a hi t uI
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m c m b e t a c e n g k i r d i t l n g a n n v a ,u n t u k d i l u c l a h i
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kescmbuhanI
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Damasktrs27 - 2 - ll82 H
Mu h amm ad Nas hir udin Al-Al b ani
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