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Segi sosial budaya filariasis yang disebabkan oleh Brugia malayi

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Segi sosial budaya filariasis yang disebabkan oleh Brugia malayi
Segi sosial budaya filariasis yang disebabkan oleh Brugia malayi nonperiodik di Delta Mahakam, Kaliman
Segi sosial budaya filariasis yang disebabkan oleh Brugia malayi nonperiodik di Delta
Mahakam, Kalimantan Timur
Social culture aspects of filariasis caused by the nonperiodic form of Brugia malayi in Mahakam
Delta, East Kalimantan
JURNAL KEDOKTERAN YARSI 13 (2) : 141-150 (2005)
by
FA Sudjadi dan Tridjoko Hadianto
Department of Parasitology, Gadjah Mada University School of Medicine, Yogyakarta
ABSTRACT Nonperiodic or aperiodic form of Brugia malayi Lichtenstein was recently
discovered by Sudjadi as a new subspecies of human filarial parasite in East Kalimantan in
addition to previously known the nocturnally periodic or subperiodic form. The disease was
noted sylvatic and commonly found among indigenous Dayak people who earn their living by
shifting cultivation of paddy rice from place to place in deep forest such in Krayan area, Long
Ikis district. Although in much lower endemicity, the human filarial infections were also found
among transmigrants from Java such in Petung UPT (unit of transmigration resettlement),
Penajam district, as well as longstanding dwellers of Bugis & Banjar tribes in Telokdalam and
Dondang villages, Muarajawa District, situated in Mahakam delta area. This paper, however,
describes the social cultural pattern of population at risk of filariasis among the longstanding
dwellers in the Mahakam delta. From in-depth study or survey using questionaire, social
behavior indicating relatively less exposure to mansonioides mosquito-vector bites, or less
filarial infections were noted in Mahakam delta. In the context of filarial evolution or host
specifity, however, these all findings act as another evidence showing that the nonperiodic form
of B.malayi in East Kalimantan still to be more zoophylic or sylvatic than other Brugia types.
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