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- Institutional Repository of IAIN Tulungagung
AN ANALYSIS OF GRAMMATICAL COHESIVE DEVICES
INSPOOF TEXT OF NEW CONCEPT ENGLISH
BY LG ALEXANDER
THESIS
Presented to The English Education Program
Faculty of Education and Teacher Training
State Islamic Institut (IAIN)Tulungagung
For The Purpose of Writing Thesis
By :
SAUQI MUBAROK
NIM. 3123093110
ENGLISH EDUCATION PROGRAM
FACULTY OF EDUCATION AND TEACHER TRAINING
STATE ISLAMIC INSTITUT (IAIN)
TULUNGAGUNG
2014
i
ii
ADVISOR’S APPROVAL SHEET
This is to certify that the Sarjana’s thesis of “An Analysis Of Grammatical
Cohesive Devices In Spoof Text Of New Concept English By LG Alexander”
written by Sauqi Mubarok has been approved by the thesis advisor for further
approval by the board of examiners.
Tulungagung, july 10th 2014
Advisor,
Faizatul Istiqomah, M.Ed
NIP. 19791220 200912 2 001
Approved by,
The Head of English Education Program
Arina Shofiya, M.Pd
NIP. 19770523 200312 2 002
iii
LEGITINATION FROM THE BOARD OF THESIS
EXAMINERS
Thesis entitle thesis “An Analysis Of Grammatical Cohesive Devices In Spoof
Text Of New Concept English By LG Alexander”written by Sauqi Mubarok,
student registered number 3213093110 has been approved by the board of
Examiner as the requirement for the degree of English EducationProgram (TBI)
Faculty of Education and Teacher Training.
Tulungagung, July 22th 2014
Board of Thesis Examiners
Chair,
Board of Examiners
Dr. Agus Zaenul Fitri, M.Pd.
NIP. 19770412 200912 2 001
..........................................
Main Examiner,
Muh. Basuni, M.Pd.
NIP. 19780312 200312 1 001
..........................................
Secretary,
Dr. Sokip, M.Pd.I
NIP. 19710420 200003 1 004
..........................................
Approved by,
The Dean of Faculty of Education and Teacher Training
IAIN Tulungagung
Dr. H. Abd. Aziz, M.Pd.I
NIP. 19720601 200003 1 002
iv
MOTTO
‫ات َربِّي‬
ُْ ‫ات َربِّي لَنَ ِف َدالبَح ُرقَ ب َْل أَنْ تَن َف َد َكلِ َم‬
ِْ ‫قُلْ لَوَكا َْن البَح ُرِم َدادالِ َكلِ َم‬
ْ )٩٠١:ْ‫َولَو ِجئ نَابِ ِمثلِ ِْه َم َد ًداْ(الكهف‬
The Meaning:
Say, "If the sea were ink for [writing] the words of my Lord, the sea would be
exhausted before the words of my Lord were exhausted, even if We brought the
like of it as a supplement."
Artinya:
(Katakanlah (wahai Muhammad): "Kalaulah semua jenis lautan menjadi tinta
untuk menulis Kalimah-kalimah Tuhanku, sudah tentu akan habis kering lautan
itu sebelum habis Kalimah-kalimah Tuhanku, walaupun Kami tambahi lagi
dengan lautan yang sebanding dengannya, sebagai bantuan".) (al-kahfi: 109)
v
DECLARATION AUTHORSHIP
Name
: Sauqi Mubarok
Sex
: Male
Place, date of birthday : Sidoarjo, 29 September 1988
Address
: Jl. Wadung Asri No. 28 Waru Sidoarjo
Department
: Islamic Education Department of IAIN Tulunagung
Program
: English Department
Registered Number
: 3213093110
Regional
: Islam
Phone Number
: 085 856 034 224 / 083 846 014 488
State that thesis “An Analysis Of Grammatical Cohesive Devices In
Spoof Text Of New Concept English By LG Alexander”is trully my original
work, it doesn’t incorporate any material previously written or published by
another person except those indicated in quotation and bibliography. Due to the
fact, I’m the only person responsible for the thesis if there is any objection or
claim from other.
Tulungagung, July 10th 2014
SAUQI MUBAROK
3213093110
vi
DEDICATION
This thesis is dedicated to...
My beloved parents(H. Sholeh Alm. And Hj. Nur Fatimah
Almh.) who have pray for me. My brothers and sisters
(Sholikiyah, Nis’an, Muzayyin, Masriyah, and Navi) who have
gaided me to be adult. All of my brothers and sisters
(Mahasiswa
Pecinta
Alam)
MAPALA
HIMALAYA
IAIN
Tulungagung and Federasi Panjat Tebing Indonesi (FPTI)
Pemkab Tulungagung who have supported me, care, trust and
pray for me. My Allah SWT bless we all. Amien Yarob..
vii
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
The writer would like to thanksto Allah The Beneficent and Merciful, so the
writer can accomplish his thesis entitle “An Analysis Of Grammatical Cohesive
Devices In Spoof Text Of New Concept English By LG Alexander”
The writer would like to express his deepest gratitude to:
1. Dr. Maftukhin, M.Ag., As the rector of State Islamic Institut (IAIN)
Tulungagung who gives permission for the writer to find out the data as
report of the research.
2. Arina Shofiya, M.Pd, the Head Faculty of Education and Teacher Training
who has given him some information so the writer can accomplish this
thesis.
3. Faizatul Istiqomah M.Ed, as advisor who has given his valuable guidance
and suggestion sincerely and patient during the progress of writing this
thesis.
4. All of lecturers as State Islamic Institut (IAIN) Tulungagung especially
hisEnglish teachers.
5. All of his family and his friends especially MAPALA HIMALAYA State
Islamic Institut (IAIN) Tulungagung and Federasi Panjat Tebing Indonesia
(FPTI) Pemkab Tulungagung, who always help and motivate live in
finishing this thesis.
viii
Finally, the writer truly realize that this thesis still needs the constructive criticism
and suggestion from the readers in order to make it perfect and hopefully it can be
useful for the readers, especially for the English students.
Tulungagung, July 10th 2014
SAUQI MUBAROK
3213093110
ix
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Cover........................................................................................................... i
Logo ............................................................................................................ ii
Advisor’s Approval Sheet ......................................................................... iii
Legitination from The Board Thesis Examiners .................................... iv
Motto ........................................................................................................... v
Declaration of authorship ......................................................................... vi
Dedicate ...................................................................................................... vii
Acknowledgements .................................................................................... viii
Table of Contents ....................................................................................... x
List of tables ............................................................................................... xii
List of appendices ...................................................................................... xiii
Abstract ...................................................................................................... xiv
CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION
A. Backround of The Study .................................................................. 1
B. Research Problem ............................................................................ 5
C. Objectives of The Study .................................................................. 6
D. Significance of The Study ............................................................... 6
E. Scope and Limitation of The Study ................................................ 7
F. Definition of Key Terms ................................................................. 7
G. The Organization of This Thesis ..................................................... 9
CHAPTER II REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE
A. Discourse ......................................................................................... 10
B. Discourse Analysis ......................................................................... 11
C. Cohesion ......................................................................................... 12
x
D. Cohesive devices ............................................................................ 13
E. Grammatical Cohesion ................................................................... 14
1. Reference .................................................................................. 14
2. Subtitution ................................................................................ 17
3. Ellipsis ....................................................................................... 19
4. Conjunction ............................................................................... 21
F. Genre ............................................................................................... 25
G. Spoof....................................................................................... ......
25
CHAPTER III RESEARCH METHOD
A. Research Design .............................................................................. 27
B. Subject of Study .............................................................................. 28
C. Data and Source of Data .................................................................. 28
D. Data Collecting Method ................................................................... 29
E. Data Analysis ................................................................................... 29
CHAPTER IV RESEARCH FINDING AND DISCUSSIONS
A. Research Finding ............................................................................. 32
1. Finding on types of grammatical cohesive devices found in New
Concept English by LG Alexander ........................................... 32
2. Finding on the frequency of accurrence of each types grammatical
cohesive devices used in New Concept English by
LG Alexander .......................................................................... 46
B. Discussion ....................................................................................... 50
CHAPTER V CONCLUSION AND SUGGESTIONS
A. Conclusions ..................................................................................... 52
B. Suggestions ...................................................................................... 53
REFERENCES
APPENDIX
xi
LIST OF TABLE
Table 4.1 (chapter 1) frequency of grammatical cohesive davices ............. 43
Table 4.2 (chapter 7) frequency of grammatical cohesive davices ............. 43
Table 4.3 (chapter 9) frequency of grammatical cohesive davices ............. 44
Table 4.4 (chapter 14) frequency of grammatical cohesive davices ........... 44
Table 4.5 (chapter 19) frequency of grammatical cohesive davices ........... 44
Table 4.6 (chapter 24) frequency of grammatical cohesive davices ........... 45
Table 4.7 (chapter 25) frequency of grammatical cohesive davices ........... 45
Table 4.8 (chapter 26) frequency of grammatical cohesive davices ........... 45
Table 4.9 (chapter 28) frequency of grammatical cohesive davices ........... 46
Table 4.10 frequency of grammatical cohesive davices .............................. 46
xii
LIST OF APPENDICE
Appendix 1
: Data from books
Appendix 2
: Guidance card
Appendix 3
: Curriculum Vitae
xiii
ABSTRACT
Mubarok,Sauqi. Registered Student. 3213093110. 2014. An Analysis of
grammatical Cohesive Devices in Spoof Text of New Concept English By
LG Alexander. Advisor: Faizatul Istiqomanh, M.Ed. 2014
Key word: An Analysis of grammatical Cohesive Devices in Spoof Text of New
Concept English By LG Alexander.
The research focust on cohesive devices used in spoof text of New
Concept English By LG Alexander. Grammatical cohesive devices is a part of
discourse analysis exactly cohesion whice concerning to the grammatical of
cohesive devices used in spoof text of New Concept English By LG Alexander.
The research problems of the study are (1) What are the types of
grammatical cohesive devices found used in spoof text of New Concept English
By LG Alexander?, (2). What types of grammatical cohesive devices are
frequency used used in spoof text of New Concept English By LG Alexander?.
The perpose of the research are finding (1) To find describe the
grammatical cohesive devices used in spoof text of New Concept English By LG
Alexander, (2) To identify the type of grammatical cohesive devices are frequency
used used in spoof text of New Concept English By LG Alexander.
This design of the study is descriptive research. This research describes the
types of grammatical cohesive devices used some theories because those theories
are complete each other. The source of data was spoof text used in spoof text of
New Concept English By LG Alexander.the subject of data was New Concept
English By LG Alexander and the writer choose spoof text of New Concept
English By LG Alexander as object of this research. The data analysis used
content analysis with some procedures are identify the words of grammatical
cohesive devices, classify the words of grammatical cohesive devices, counting
the frequency of grammatical cohesive devices.
The research have showed that the types of grammatical cohesive devices
use in spoof text of New Concept English By LG Alexander but the percentage of
the types are different. The high level is reference used 190 times or 71%, the
second level is conjunction exactly 62 times or 23%, the third level is substitution
used 11 times or 4% and the last is ellipsis used 4 times or 2%.
From this study, it can be concluded that the high level in spoof text of New
Concept English By LG Alexander which used of types of grammatical cohesive
devices is reference, and than the next level is conjunction, the third level is
substitution and the low level from all of the texts is ellipsis.
xiv
ABSTRAK
Mubarok, Sauqi, Terdaftar Mahasiswa. 3213093110. 2014. Perangakat kohesif
gramatikal dalam kalimat lelucon dalam buku new concept English by LG
Alexander. Pembimbing: Faizatul Istiqomah, M.Ed, 2014
Kata kunci
xv
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