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- Repositori Universitas Muria Kudus
ANALYSIS OF TEACHING INSTRUCTIONS
USED BY THE SIXTH SEMESTER STUDENTS
OF EED IN ACADEMIC YEAR 2012/2013
IN TEACHING PRACTICE OF TEACHING DESIGN
FOR YOUNG LEARNER CLASS
By:
Ayu Fajar Kusumawardani
NIM 2010-32-150
ENGLISH EDUCATION DEPARTMENT
TEACHER TRAINING AND EDUCATION FACULTY
MURIA KUDUS UNIVERSITY
2014
i
ii
ANALYSIS OF TEACHING INSTRUCTIONS
USED BY THE SIXTH SEMESTER STUDENTS
OF EED IN ACADEMIC YEAR 2012/2013
IN TEACHING PRACTICE OF TEACHING DESIGN
FOR YOUNG LEARNER CLASS
SKRIPSI
Presented to the University of Muria Kudus
in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for Completing the Sarjana Program in
English Education Department
By:
AYU FAJAR KUSUMAWARDANI
NIM 201032150
ENGLISH EDUCATION DEPARTMENT
TEACHER TRAINING AND EDUCATION FACULTY
MURIA KUDUS UNIVERSITY
2014
iii
MOTTO AND DEDICATION
MOTTO:

Be the good people, because God loves the goodness

Smile is the shortest distance between two people all the word is a stage

keep fighting

do what you can, use what you have and start where you are
DEDICATIONS:
This skripsi is dedicated to:
1.
Her beloved parents who always take care and
support her
2.
Her brother and her sister
3.
Her beloved “Abie”
4.
Her best friends
5.
All of her friends in UMK FM
6.
All of her friends in English Education department
in academic year 2012.
iv
v
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ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
The writer special thanks must first and for most go to Allah SWT the
almighty and the merciful for the blessing, health, miracle and inspiration given to
me leading to completing of this final project and fishing my research.
Praise and innovation are also given to our prophet, Muhammad SAW,
who is always hoped her intercession in the end of the world. Therefore, the writer
would express her appreciation to those who have helped her, namely:
1. Dr. Slamet Utomo, M.Pd as a Dean of Teacher Training and Education
Faculty of Muria Kudus University
2. Diah Kurniati, S.Pd, M.Pd as the head of English Education Department
3. Mutohhar, S.Pd, M.Pd as the first advisor for her best suggestions,
guidance, and motivation in finishing this final project
4. Drs. Muh. Syafei, M.Pd as the second advisor for valuable help, guidance,
and motivation in finishing this final project
5. Her beloved parents who always give support, motivation and moral
encouragement to finish her research
6. Her brother and sister thanks for support and affection
7. Her beloved “Abie” who always give support, care, and love.
vii
8. Her best friends, thanks for your helps and support Bilqis and Ani
9. Her beloved friends in UMK FM
Those cannot be mentioned one by one for the support. Therefore, she hopes
any constructive criticism from the readers to make it better.
Kudus, August 2012
The writer
viii
ABSTRACT
Kusumawardani, Ayu Fajar. 2014. Analysis of Teaching Instructions Used By The
Sixth Semester Students of Eed In Academic Year 2012/2013 in Teaching
Practice of Tdyl Class. Skripsi. English Education Department, Teacher
Traning and Education Faculty, Muria Kudus University. Advisor: (1)
Mutohhar, S.Pd, M.Pd (2) Drs. Muh. Syafei, M.Pd
Key words: Teaching Instruction, Young Learner
Generally teaching English in for young learners is not easy because it is
the first time for the students to know about foreign language and they do not
have enough attention to learn it. Teaching young learners has different way with
teaching adult learners because the characteristics of them are different. Young
learners cannot think logically, they tend to prefer playing than studying, therefore
teaching techniques usually used to play the game or referred to learning while
playing. In teaching learning process, the teachers have many problems to explain
the material. Because the subject is a new material for them and the students have
limited vocabulary. In the beginning school is a critical period for development,
skills, knowledge, attitudes, values and attitudes that provide the basis for lifelong
learning and continuous personal welfare. The early years of building experience
the children had before start of school.
The purpose of the writer is to find out the teacher’s instructions used by
the sixth semester students of EED in academic year 2012/2013 in the teaching
practice of teaching design for young learner class and also to find out the impacts
of giving instruction to the students when teaching learning processes.
In this research the writer use Qualitative Research and employs the
descriptive method to explore the language research and employs the descriptive
method to find the teacher’s instruction used in teaching learning process and also
the impact of giving instruction to the students. It describes about the analysis of
teaching instruction used by the sixth semester students of English Education
Department of Muria Kudus University academic year 2012/2013 when they have
teaching practice program.
After conducting the research, the writer found the instruction such as
Direct Instruction 87. 28% and Indirect Instruction 12. 72% (Interactive
Instruction (6. 93%), Independent Instruction (1. 73) and Experimental Instruction
(4. 06%). And the impact of giving instruction divided into two terms: positive
impact (82. 65%) and negative impact (17. 34%).
Based on the explanation above, the conclusion is, in the teaching learning
process the teacher more active than the students, although the students passive
they can understand what the teacher say. And the students also give more the
positive impact when the teacher gives instruction to the students.
ix
ABSTRACT
Kusumawardani, Ayu Fajar. 2014. Menganalisis Instruksi Pengajaran yang
Digunakan Mahasiswa Pendidikan Bahasa Inggris Semester Enam Pada
Tahun Ajaran 2012/2013 Dalam Praktek Pengajar Di Kelas Metode
Pengajaran Bahasa Inggris Untuk Anak-Anak/Anak Usia Dini.. Skripsi.
Program Studi Pendidikan Bahasa Inggris Fakultas Keguruan dan Ilmu
Pendidikan Universitas Muria Kudus. Pembimbing (1) Mutohhar, S.Pd,
M.Pd (2) Drs. Muh. Syafei, M.Pd
Key words: Teaching Instruction, Young Learner
Pada umumnya pengajaran bahasa inggris untuk anak-anak itu tidak
mudah karena itu merupakan awal bagi siswa untuk mengenal bahasa asing dan
mereka tidak begitu memperhatikannya.
Pengajaran pada anak usia dini
memiliki cara yang berbeda di sekolah mengah atas karena mereka memiliki
karakter yang berbeda. Anak usia dini belum bisa untuk berfikir logis, mereka
lebih tertarik untuk bermain dari pada belajar, oleh sebab itu teknik yang
digunakan biasanya mengunakan game atau pembelajaran yang disertai dengan
permainan. Do dalam proses pembelajaran, para guru memiliki masalah untuk
menyampaikan materi. Karena materi yang diberikan merupakan materi yang baru
untuk para siswa dan siswa memiliki sedikit kosakata bahasa inggris. Pada masa
awal pendidkan merupakan masa yang sangat kritis dalam perkembangannya,
kepandaian, pengetahuan, sikap, moral dan juga sikap yang mendasari
kehidupannya kelak. Pengembangan pengalaman anak usia dini dimulai pada saat
sebelum memasuki sekolah.
Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui instruksi guru yang
digunakan mahasiswa pendidikan bahasa inggris semester enam pada tahun ajaran
2012/2013 dalam praktek mengajar dikelas metode pengajaran opada anak usia
dini dan juga mengetahui pengaruh yang ada pada saat guru memberikan intruksi
pada siswa ketika proses pembelajaran.
Dalam penelitian ini penulis mengunakan desain qualitative dan
menggunakan metode penjelasan untuk mengembangkan bahasa penelitian dan
metogde penjelasan untuk menemukan intruksi yang digunakan guru pada saat
proses pembelajaran dan juga pengaruh siswa pada saat guru memberikan
instruksi. Hal ini menjelaskan tentang isntruksi yang digunakann siswa bahasa
inggris universitas muria kudus semester enam tahun ajaran 2012/2013 ketika
melaksanakn program praktek mengajar
x
Setelah melakukan penelitian, penulis menemukan instruksi yang terdiri
dari instrukdi langsung 87. 28% dan instruksi tidak langsung 12. 72% (Interactive
Instruction (6. 93%), Independent Instruction (1. 73) and Experimental Instruction
(4. 06%). Dan pengaruh siswa pada saat diberikan instruksi dibagi menjadi 2 yaitu
positif (82. 65%) dan negative (17. 34%).
Berdasarkan penjelasan diatas, kesimpulannya adalah dalam proses
pembelajaran guru lebih aktif dari pada siswa, walaupun para siswa pasif mereka
dapat memahami apa yang disampaikan oleh guru. Dan para siswa juga
memberikan banyak pengaruh yang positif ketika prosess pengajaran berlangsung.
xi
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Page
COVER ...........................................................................................................
i
LOGO...............................................................................................................
ii
TITLE ...............................................................................................................
iii
MOTTO AND DEDICATION ........................................................................
iv
ADVISOR’S APPROVAL ..............................................................................
v
EXAMINER’S APPROVAL ...........................................................................
vi
ACKNOWLEDGMENT ..................................................................................
vii
ABSTRACT .....................................................................................................
ix
TABLE OF CONTENTS ................................................................................
xii
LIST OF TABLES ...........................................................................................
xv
LIST OF APPENDICES ..................................................................................
xvi
CHAPTER I: INTRODUCTION
1.1 Background of the Research ....................................................................
1
1.2 Statements of the problem .......................................................................
4
1.3 Objective of the research ..........................................................................
4
1.4 Significance of the Research ....................................................................
4
1.5 Limitation of the research ........................................................................
5
1.6 Definition of the term ...............................................................................
5
CHAPTER II: REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE
2.1 Teaching English for Young Learners .....................................................
6
2.2 TDYL Class .............................................................................................
9
xii
2.3 Teaching instruction ................................................................................. 10
2.3.1 Definition of teaching instruction ....................................................... 11
2.3.2 Kind of instruction .............................................................................. 12
2.4 The use teaching instruction in the classroom ......................................... 17
2.5 The use teaching instruction in teaching young learners ......................... 18
2.6 Review to previous research .................................................................... 20
2.7 Theoretical framework ............................................................................. 22
CHAPTER III METHOD OF THE RESEARCH
3.1 Design of the research .............................................................................. 22
3.2 Data and data source ................................................................................ 23
3.3 Data collection ......................................................................................... 23
3.4 Data analysis ............................................................................................ 24
CHAPTER IV: RESEARCH FINDING
4.1
Teacher’s instructions used by the sixth semester students of EED
in academic year 2012/2013 in teaching practice of TDYL Class ........ 26
4.2
The impact of Teacher’s instructions used by the sixth semester
students of EED in academic year 2012/2013 in teaching practice
of TDYL Class ....................................................................................... 43
CHAPTER V: DISCUSSION
5.1 Types of teacher’s instructions used by the sixth semester students of
EED in academic year 2012/2013 in teaching practice of TDYL
Class ......................................................................................................... 66
xiii
5.2 The impact of Teacher’s instructions used by the sixth semester
students of EED in academic year 2012/2013 in teaching practice of
TDYL Class ............................................................................................. 70
CHAPTER VI: CONCLUSION AND SUGGESTION
6.1
Conclusion .............................................................................................. 72
6.2
Suggestion ............................................................................................... 73
REFERENCES ............................................................................................... 74
APPENDICES ................................................................................................ 75
CURRICULUM VITAE ................................................................................ 120
xiv
LIST OF TABLES
Table
page
3.1
Analysis Teaching Instruction Based on the Kind of Instruction ........... 24
3.2
The Impact of Giving Instruction ........................................................... 25
4.1.1 Teacher’s instructions used by the sixth semester students of EED
in academic year 2012/2013 in teaching practice of TDYL class
D .......................................................................................................... 41
4.1.2 Teacher’s instructions used by the sixth semester students of EED
in academic year 2012/2013 in teaching practice of TDYL class ...... 35
4.1.3 Teacher’s instructions used by the sixth semester students of EED
in academic year 2012/2013 in teaching practice of TDYL class ....... 41
4.2.1 The impact of Teacher’s instructions used by the sixth semester
students of EED in academic year 2012/2013 in teaching
practice of TDYL Class D .................................................................... 43
4.2.2 The impact of Teacher’s instructions used by the sixth semester
students of EED in academic year 2012/2013 in teaching practice
of TDYL Class E .................................................................................. 54
4.2.3 The impact of Teacher’s instructions used by the sixth semester
students of EED in academic year 2012/2013 in teaching practice
of TDYL Class A ................................................................................. 65
xv
LIST OF APPENDICES
Appendix
1. The transcripts of the first video.................................................................
75
2. The transcripts of the second video ............................................................
92
3. The transcripts of the third video ............................................................... 107
xvi
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